After the displacement of the local inhabitants, 67 nuclear tests were carried out from to , including the explosion of the first H-bomb Bikini Atoll has conserved direct tangible evidence that is highly significant in conveying the power of the nuclear tests, i. Equivalent to 7, times the force of the Hiroshima bomb, the tests had major consequences on the geology and natural environment of Bikini Atoll and on the health of those who were exposed to radiation. Through its history, the atoll symbolises the dawn of the nuclear age, despite its paradoxical image of peace and of earthly paradise.
The Crazy Story of the 1946 Bikini Atoll Nuclear Tests
Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Part of the intense cold war nuclear arms race, the megatonne Bravo test on 1 March was a thousand times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. It exposed thousands in the surrounding area to radioactive fallout. Bikini islanders and their descendants have lived in exile since they were moved for the first weapons tests in When US government scientists declared Bikini safe for resettlement some residents were allowed to return in the early s. But they were removed again in after ingesting high levels of radiation from eating foods grown on the former nuclear test site. People returned to live on Rongelap in but fled again in amid fears, later proved correct, about residual radiation.
Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site
The atoll's inhabitants were relocated in , after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until Three families were resettled on Bikini island in , totaling about residents. But scientists found dangerously high levels of strontium in well water in May , and the residents were carrying abnormally high concentrations of caesium in their bodies. They were removed in The atoll is occasionally visited today by divers and a few scientists, and is occupied by a handful of caretakers.
The nuclear testing at Bikini Atoll program was a series of 23 nuclear weapons detonated by the United States between and at seven test sites on the reef itself, on the sea, in the air, and underwater. The United States was engaged in a Cold War nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union to build more advanced bombs from until The second was Baker and was suspended under a barge. It produced a large Wilson cloud and contaminated all of the target ships.